Cannabidiol or CBD is one of over a hundred cannabinoids. But is CBD FDA approved? The short answer is yes and no. In other words, it’s complicated. The Farm Bill of 2014 made products derived from industrial hemp, including CBD, legal to sell and use. The problem? Growing it. The 2018 Farm Bill finally removed hemp from the Schedule 1 Controlled Substances Act, but marijuana (another source of CBD) remains fully illegal at a federal level. Since U.S. farmers can now legally grow hemp for CBD oil production, hemp-derived CBD products such as CBD oil, oil concentrates, topical creams, lotions, sprays and tinctures are effectively legal in all 50 states. CBD derived from cannabis is another issue altogether.
What’s FDA approved in CBD? The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is in charge of overseeing federal laws governing the manufacture, distribution and use of narcotics. The DEA has set three conditions for a CBD product to become an approved drug. The CBD must be derived from cannabis, have less than .1% THC, and be FDA approved for a specific purpose. Currently, the only CBD FDA-approved drug is Epidiolex, a treatment for two very rare types of epilepsy. Epidiolex is an oral solution of 100 percent purified cannabidiol (CBD). According to Medical News Today, the CBD has been extracted from cannabis plants but does not contain THC, which is the psychoactive component in cannabis that causes the feeling of being “high.”
What about oils, tinctures, topicals, edibles, and other CBD products? These products are not FDA approved, nor will they likely ever achieve FDA approval because they are not drugs. Unlike hemp-derived CBD which is legal in some forms nationwide, the forms of CBD products derived from cannabis are only legal in the states where some form of recreational or medical cannabis is legal. These products are heavily regulated from seed to final sale and may contain higher THC levels than that deemed allowable by federal law so it makes perfect sense that the highest quality CBD products are derived from cannabis by reputable manufacturers and growers.
What is CBD & What Does It Do?
CBD oil and CBD products are believed to have therapeutic properties for a variety of different health issues. While scientific research on CBD and CBD oil is still in its early stages, the preliminary studies have shown some promising results that indicate CBD may help people with various medical and therapeutic issues like sleep disorders, anxiety, seizures, mood disorders such as PTSD, chronic or everyday pain, cancer, inflammation, neurological diseases, and more. With so many benefits and choices in products, CBD oil has millions of enthusiastic consumers.
Types of CBD Products
Caveat emptor (Buyer, beware!). CBD oil is found in greater quantities in legal industrial hemp than in cannabis, so most CBD products will contain oil from this variety than its highly regulated and not yet fully legal cousin, cannabis. That’s why you see CBD being sold everywhere – people are jumping on the bandwagon to make money, with little thought to quality or effectiveness, so they are often a waste of money. If you want the most for your money and an effective CBD, you’re more likely to find high-quality CBD products at legal dispensaries rather than the local convenience store. Here are some of the most popular forms of CBD:
For new users of cannabis who may be wary of the effects of THC, trying a high CBD strain can offer a more balanced experience than choosing a higher THC variety. These CBD/THC strains are carefully cultivated to provide the best of both components without overwhelming the user. It’s also important to note that ingesting CBD is a more potent form of medicating rather than vaping. Vaping CBD only takes a few puffs to feel the effects. Ingesting CBD usually means feeling its calming effects more strongly and for longer periods of time, so this may make sense for chronic pain, anxiety, or other health conditions. Keep in mind that medicating via ingestion is about 16 times stronger than medicating smoking flower or vaporizers, so be sure to consult with a budtender, especially if you’re new to cannabis and CBD.
CBD vape oil – CBD vape oil is one of the most popular methods for using CBD oil. CBD vape oil is available in cartridges, CBD vape juices, and CBD additive forms and comes in a wide range of flavors.
CBD edibles – CBD has been incorporated into all kinds of edibles, some containing pure CBD for those who don’t want the ‘high’; others include a ratioed THC/CBD mix to provide a more balanced mind-body experience. Until recreational sales are launched in Arizona, these particular types of edibles are reserved for medical marijuana patients only. When choosing a CBD edible, talk to your budtender to find the right type for your specific needs.
CBD oil drops – Comes in a variety of strengths and dosages and can be flavored or unflavored. CBD oil drops can be added to food or drinks or consumed directly.
CBD oil pills – Get your daily dose of CBD goodness in an easy-to-take pill form. Different CBD strengths and dosages will vary by the manufacturer, so talk to your budtender to choose the right one for your needs. These can also include THC: CBD rations like CBD edibles can.
CBD topical creams & lotions – CBD topical creams and CBD oil lotions are used to treat areas of the body where you might be experiencing pain, stiffness or soreness, like the neck, knees, legs, wrists, and back. CBD cream has a thicker, richer consistency than CBD lotions. Other CBD lotions are specifically formulated for skincare, leaving skin feeling soft and moisturized.
CBD oil tincture – Like CBD oil concentrates, CBD oil tinctures contain higher amounts of CBD in a liquid form. The tincture is best consumed by mixing it into food or smoothies. Alternatively, CBD oil tinctures can be administered sublingually (under the tongue) which allows for faster absorption, with effects usually noticeable within 15 minutes.
Now that you know everything about CBD – plan to visit The Flower Shop soon!